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2016考研英语阅读:例证题,就这样把你征服

http://www.gkw114.com      2015-6-2      中国教育在线      

  之前我们说过,英语阅读的题型有六种:主题题、例证题、推理题、细节题、词汇题、态度题。每种题型都有不同的攻克方法,这个"征服"系列就是告诉我们如何从不同题型入手,拿下2016考研英语阅读。

  【解题流程】

  一、识别

  题干中出现example, case, demonstrate, illustrate等词的时候可判定为局部主题题(即例证题)。

  二、解题思路

  例子是为观点和结论服务的,寻找到例子对应的观点或结论,通常往上或者往下寻找,观点和结论也可以在本句中。

  三、错误选项特征

  1.就事论事

  2.自我总结

  【真题解析】

  In 1784, five years before he became president of the United States, George Washington, 52, was nearly toothless. So he hired a dentist to transplant nine teeth into his jaw-having extracted them from the mouths of his slaves.

  That's a far different image from the cherry-tree-chopping George most people remember from their history books. But recently, many historians have begun to focus on the roles slavery played in the lives of the founding generation. They have been spurred in part by DNA evidence made available in 1998, which almost certainly proved Thomas Jefferson had fathered at least one child with his slave Sally Hemings. And only over the past 30 years have scholars examined history from the bottom up. Works of several historians reveal the moral compromises made by the nation's early leaders and the fragile nature of the country's infancy. More significantly, they argue that many of the Founding Fathers knew slavery was wrong-and yet most did little to fight it.

  George Washington's dental surgery is mentioned to .

  [A]show the primitive medical practice in the past.

  [B]demonstrate the cruelty of slavery in his days.

  [C]stress the role of slaves in the U.S. history.

  [D]reveal some unknown aspect of his life.

  题型识别:例证题

  题干定位:根据George Washington's dental surgery定位到第一段。

  思路解析:例证题是为观点服务的,第一段只有具体的事实表述,并没有观点,所以第二段开头的句子就很重要了。

  选项分析:[D]第一段说了一个不被大多数人所知道的事实,正是呼应第二段开头的这个观点,故为正解。[C]是根据第二段第二句所设置的干扰选项。排除它有两个方法:(1)选项中出现的是role of slaves,而原文中出现的是roles slavery played,已经偷换概念了。(2)but之后的观点就该和之前的观点不同了,例子也应该是为but前的观点服务的,而不是为but后的观点服务的。[B]自我总结的主观臆断选项,不否认这里能看出很残忍,但是这个例子不是为说明残忍而写的。[A]也同样,为自我总结的主观臆断选项。

  很多人不知道考研英语阅读理解的文体到底是什么,可以明确的是,是议论文,哪怕是科普性的文章也是侧重对文中观点进行考查。在阅读的标准化试题中,我们都可以把阅读分为三个部分:原文、题干和选项。原文是解题的依据,题干是解题的路标,选项是解题的关键。

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